Goals of the Task
Task 8.3 is analysing a concrete planning and approval process in the urban administrative context to understand the administrative decision-making processes and to indicate improvement potentials for trans-sectoral implications in the case cities (RP approach). The case studies shall also indicate if the public execution complies with the legal framework, which public entities are at which process step involved, to which content the public is heard and which other factors drive the actual decision-making processes.
Work done to achieve the goals
Theoretical Framework: The legal framework for the public decision-making procedures and the responsible authorities were identified (synergy Task 1.3, 8.1). Expert interviews with the public stakeholders and the appropriate authorities were conducted during multiple field trips to the case cities.
Case Studies: The second pillar of the task is to analyse an ongoing decision-making/ approval process in the case cities. Apart from the small size RP entry projects also other urban planning projects serve as objects for analyses in Task 8.3. To conduct such an in-depth study of a running or closed public decision-making procedure, a confirmation of the responsible authority is mandatory. After the confirmation of an appropriate case, all involved public authorities and other parties heard can be identified and addressed. Meetings with these involved stakeholders are necessary to gain all available information on the single approval steps. The research results will be integrated into Deliverable D-8.2 and D-8.4. Actualised findings on the legal and policy framework will update D-1.3; deeper insights on the administrative structures will be embedded in D-8.1.
Results so far
Case city Da Nang, Vietnam:
Theoretical Framework: For the case city of Da Nang, all legal texts regarding spatial and infrastructure planning were collected and translated from Vietnamese into English (where an English version was not available).
Fig. 66: Planning and decision-making structure with regard to spatial and infrastructural planning in Da Nang, Vietnam
Based on the provisions in the legal texts, a map was drawn to illustrate the planning, decision-making and approval processes related to different plans at different levels and to show how these different plans (development strategies, sector plans, master plans, detailed plans, etc.) are integrated. The planning processes – how they are actually exercised in Da Nang – were discussed within the framework of a meeting with a resource person from the Department of Construction (DoC) as well as within the framework of the ‘Multi-Stakeholder Dialogue’ held in November 2016. The results of the dialogue event were summarised as a report which was sent to the event’s participants.
Case Study: IZES will request an appropriate case study (decision-making/ approval process) and the related confirmation for collaboration through DISED before the next field trip to Da Nang. After receiving the requested approval, the involved public authorities can be identified and addressed for interviews.
Case city Kigali, Rwanda:
Theoretical Framework: A master thesis is conducted to analyse the theoretical framework and a concrete planning and approval process in Kigali. Based on the findings, a map will be drawn to illustrate the planning, decision-making and approval processes related to different plans at different levels and to show how these different plans are integrated in Rwanda, Kigali.
Case Study: In September 2016, the running approval process on the planning and construction of private settlement and public administration buildings was approved for monitoring by IZES through the city administration and the project developer SKAT: ‘Agatare Cell Office and Affordable Housing Complex – PROECCO Project’. As support of the research activities, a master student was employed and supervised by IZES and sent to Kigali in order to analyse the PROECCO approval process and to collect outstanding legal texts and policy papers related to spatial, construction and infrastructure planning. For this purpose, the student conducted interviews in order to be able to compare the actual implementation of planning and approval processes to the specifications in the amended legal texts. This research study is in progress. Furthermore, the participation at conferences in Kigali, e.g. the Stakeholder’s Meeting on Urbanisation and Upgrading Programs of Informal Settlements helped to gather additional information from MININFRA and respective authorities. The interim findings were validated by the public authorities and university representatives (Prof. Dr. Marie Rose Turamwishimiye, University of Rwanda, Faculty of Law). The final case study analyses will be embedded in D-8.2 and D-8.5.
Fig. 67: Participation at “Urbanisation and informal settlement upgrading stakeholder meeting”
Case city Assiut, Egypt:
Theoretical Framework: For the case city of Assiut, desktop research is undertaken to gather all relevant legal texts regarding spatial and infrastructure planning. Under support of the Focal Point the outstanding information was requested via questionnaires.
Case Study: IZES has not yet requested a case study (decision-making/ approval process) to monitor a running or closed approval procedure in Assiut as the desktop research is still ongoing. The request to analyse a public approval procedure will be submitted depending on the project progress (trust building).